Friday, March 29, 2019
The Street Child Causes, Effects and Prevention
The path Child Causes, Effects and Pr stilltionAlso channel children as defined by the UNICEF is divided into children on the course and children of the passs. Children on the passageways be the children whose have home to depart in, but they have a to the full sentence work or a part time work. Children Of the driveways be the children whose home ties have been seriously weakened and who essenti whollyy live in the highway (UNICEF, 1993, p.22). Children of the streets are which lives all thither time on the streets or in other words children with no shelter only for the street. Also, a street child is defined as some(prenominal) son or girl for whom the street in the widest sense of the word has cause his or her habitual abode and/or source of livelihood, and who is inadequately protected, supervised, or directed by responsible adults( Lusk, 1989).according to Kopoka Children whose work on streets and take streets as a shelter, usually come from poor slums and sq uatter settlements where everything is precarious Family pecuniary situation, overcrowded schools and even safe place where they can run and play. Moreover, wars or build up conflicts cause the increasing of this problem where the children parents are killed and leave them alone with no shelter or place to live . On the other hand, there are children whose have guardians, but the guardians sent them to work to help the family, others are coerce to work and live in streets. Even there are children from surface to do families or middle class who run off from homes. The purpose of this essay is to show some of the causes and its effects considering street children problem, and read the solution to differentiate between good solution and bad solutions.Causes-harmonize to Lugalla and Mbwambo, 1995 there are oodles of causes for this problem, some are natural and others are world-made. Children have lost contact with their parents or families, which results the loss of the childre n in the streets. rough children are the offspring of prostitutes. some(a) families reject their children if there are handicapped. Some respectable parent disowned their own child because he/she is an outcome of an affair. In those causes the background is non al small-scales poor.Effects-According to Harding, 2010 for every cause there is effect, and there are devastating effects on street children themselves and on the ordering they belong to. The children without education are without future, which means that they willing non be able to defend their future and they will face hatfuls of difficulties to have a better life. Moreover, being undernourished from such a very young age causes bad side effects on their health interchangeable malnutrition which effects there immune system and as a result shorter life expectancy. There are approximately 48 million young ones whose are not registered in their countrys archives, which represents around 47% of the child population arou nd the world. 20 out of every ampere-second births in Latin America never registered. That mean that all of those 47% are not on paper which means they do not exist. This is a huge problem as those poor kids do not have identity, which exclude them from other rightly like the right to balloting or the right to have a proper education or even low level education. Moreover, criminal gangs which really represent a huge disaster, as they use those unregistered children to do criminals and violence. Those children have no criteria to know what is right and what is wrong. They may expose themselves to very cruel situations like prostitution, sexual violations, drug consumption and other forms of modern slavery. According to stolenchildhood.net Street children in the third world, having no access to basic needs everlastingly become an easy prey of flesh traders. The demand of street children is exalted among the pimps and the brothel owners because these children sell themselves at ch eap rates. These children are at spirited venture because they neither use contraceptives nor ask the clients to use them. Thus the accidents of getting pregnant or catching a sexually transmitted indisposition is high. A finite circle is problem, because when children grows to be adults. They will be the lift out shape for crime there will be evil locomote on his feet. There will be individual illiterate adults with low moral beliefs, with damaged psychology. Those lovely poor children in the past will be the evil which will oppress other helpless and unprejudiced children. All of this means that street children of today will be criminals of tomorrow.depth psychology of Solutions-Street children are a huge problem and any solution, even if it is not good, it will at least push forward to top this problem. ESCWA has developed good solutions which are1. to understand better the situation of street children through research in the following areas1.1 Quantitative data at natio nal level to assess the magnitude of the problem. The statistics need to be disaggregated by sex and age.1.2 Qualitative and quantitative research to examine the root causes that depute girls and boys at take a chance, among them street children. This research will need to examine the unite between poverty, inequality, exploitation, violence and exclusion.1.3 Qualitative research to examine the everyday lives of the street girls and boys and the attitudes of participation and the regime towards them.1.4 Policy level research examining the effectiveness of breathing policies, planning and formula and institutional arrangements and budgetary allocation targeting street children.2. To vend the approach to street children from legalistic to preventive, protective and rehabilitative interventions, through a reduce on2.1 Root causes and not only on symptoms2.2 The stinting and not only the social sector2.3 Mainstreaming as well as proper(postnominal) institutions and actions for street children2.4 The rights of street children as citizens and not as charity cases or delinquents 162.5 Street children not only as victims but withal as citizens with the agency to participate in decisions which target them.3. To enforce and monitor lizard all world-wide and national commitment to children3.1 To brushup that all items of international conventions such as those pertaining to childrens rights and elimination of child labour are translated into legislation and other procedures.3.2 To review that all enforcement procedures are in place and are implemented.3.3 To confirm all observe and reporting systems relating to relevant international conventions.3.4 To review and further amend the Child uprightness 126/2008 by removing all clauses that break its effectiveness and to put in place all the necessary procedures and monitoring mechanisms.3.5 To review and amend articles pertaining to corporal punishment in a substance that prohibits all physical violence wh ether at home, school, work or any other institution.4. To establish clear mandates and lines of institutional responsibility for street children4.1 settle cross- piercing entities4.1.1 To spike the establishment of a unit or department in the new Ministry for Family and Population with a clear mandate for responsibility for street children. This entity would be a catalyst advocating, legislating and monitoring the situation of street children.4.1.2 To review and strengthen the role of what was previously the NCCM Technical Consultative Committee.4.1.3 To strengthen the Child Protection Committee according to the amended Child Law through appropriate budget allocation, establishment of clear guidelines and protocols and awareness genteelness and training for the committee members.4.1.4 To establish surveillance system such as a childrens Ombudsman4.2 Establish responsibility of line ministries4.2.1 To strengthen the role of economic sector ministries in addressing poverty, such a s the creation of jobs for poor women and men.4.2.2 To strengthen the monitoring systems of the Ministry of Labour in the area of child labour.4.2.3 To lift all exclusionary conditions from access to education such as the rising cost of education, forced private tuitions by teachers, mistreatment of poor children in schools, corporal punishment and grammatical gender discrimination.4.2.4 To establish effective internal and external mechanisms and multispectral interventions to identify children at risk and design suitable and sustainable interventions to reduce and eventually eliminate the risk factors.4.2.5 To formulate a new kindly Protection Strategy with the full collaboration of all relevant state institutions and NGOs that focus on the rights of the 17 child, with a dedicated budget and clear roles and responsibilities for its implementation and monitoring.5. To devise a comprehensive child protection system that addresses the issues of all categories of conquerable girls an d boys in all their diversity of age, class, religion as well as family and regional background5.1 To devise a Social Protection policy for vulnerable girls and boys.5.2 To devise a Social Protection strategy translated into crosscutting and sectorial programmes and projects and procedures.5.3 To create realistic budget lines for the implementation of the various components of the Social Protection system.5.4 To create clear institutional responsibility for monitoring and military rank of the implementation of the strategy.6. To devise a National Strategy, programmes and projects specifically for street children6.1 To appraise the implementation of the National Strategy for the Protection, Rehabilitation and Reintegration of Street Children of 2003, as well as all programmes and projects directly targeting street children.6.2 To build on lessons in condition(p) and design a new Strategy in collaboration with observe state institutions and NGOs.6.3 To design innovative and partic ipative programmes and projects that address the conditions and circumstances of children already sustainment on the street taking into account that6.3.1 There is to a greater extent chance of succeeding by helping children get off the streets through other(a) intervention, before they establish their new street kid identity.6.3.2 For those who have been a long time on the streets, it is possible to use participative methods and consult them in the design of the most effective activities.6.4 To strengthen all programmes and projects that helps the reintegration of street children into mainstream society.6.5 To put in place actions that address negative attitudes of two the general public and state employees towards street children.6.6 To work directly with the patrol to address the way they perceive and treat street children6.7 To solicit more resource allocation for items listed in recommendation 5 above from government and from bilateral and multilateral organisations.7. To st rengthen the advocacy role of civil society organisations working with street children7.1 To strengthen CSOs ability to establish channels of communications with street children and to help make their voices heard.7.2 To raise the capacity of CSOs working with street children in the area of advocacy and lobbying of policymakers and politicians.7.3 To support civil society networks and strengthens their roles as advocates of the rights and needs of street children.Conclusion-At last the reservoir believes that street children are a huge problem that has a lot of causes which can be minimized and a lot of effects that are considered a real threat to all means of life, it is waste of man power which harm economy, it threats security and of course it is totally against human right .