Monday, March 18, 2019
Philosophers in the World :: Philosophy Philosophers Paperes
Philosophers in the humankindPhilosophers are often thought of as hope slightly inept in the real world, the theoretical counterparts of the 90-pound weakling on the beach of the material world. null could be more mistaken.As mentioned, Alexander the Great studied with Aristotle and so went on to conquer the world (well, the parts of the world the Greeks knew). Coincidence? Perhaps, barely the extent to which early(a) ancient figures were formd by philosophy is far less ambiguous. To take the most obvious example, Socrates was committed to a life of affable criticism and public debate, so much so that he was act and executed by Athenian officials who felt threatened by his influence over the young. Consider also the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (the guy Richard Harris vie in the movie Gladiator). As a young man, Aurelius was so propel by his love of truth (the Emperor Hadrian nicknamed him Verissimus) that he turned from dropvas rhetoric to philosophy. Conscientio us to his subjects and magnanimous to his enemies, Aurelius sold off personal items quite an than raise taxes to fund the imperial expansion into Eastern Europe. Despite his disapproval of violence (he made gladiators fight with blunt tips), Aurelius spend much of his govern on the battlefield fighting German tribes on the Danube front The Meditations was pen down as notes, sometimes in military camp at the end of a weary and bloody day. Like many other ancients, Aurelius took the philosophical life to be one lived in the world match to philosophical principles and values, drawing on Epictetus admonition Eat like a man, drink like a man, get dressed, get married, have children, sink the life of a citizen Show us all this, so that we can see whether or not you have really learned something from the philosophers. (Discourses III, 21, 5) mavin important thinker who exemplified Epictetus ideal was John Locke. Bored with the scholastic programme during his studies at Christ Ch urch, Oxford, he spent much of his time as an undergraduate reading French literature. After receiving his B.A. in 1656, Locke plunged into the study of treat and chemistry, later supervising a surgery to drain an abscess on nobleman Ashleys liver (the operation probably saved Ashleys life). Locke precept his Essay Concerning Human Understanding, the locus classicus for modern empiricist philosophy, as providing part of the conceptual framework for the new scientific advances of Boyle, Huygens, and the incomparable Mr.